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A Comprehensive Guide to The Australian Energy Crisis

Australia is currently experiencing an energy crisis. Due to a number of factors, the demand for electricity is on the rise, while the supply is dwindling. To understand the high prices of energy, we first need to understand why this is happening and what we can do to brace for the shock.
Fact Checked

Updated: 13 May 2024

This article outlines what the Australian energy crisis is, how it was caused, and what you can do at home to save both electricity and money. It’s important to note that while this crisis is ongoing, it will not last forever. Fortunately, renewable energy is on the rise.

Key facts

What’s causing the energy crisis?

There are many factors that, together, contribute to the ongoing energy crisis in the energy market. The Australian energy crisis is the result of a perfect storm of factors. Years of underinvestment in energy infrastructure, combined with soaring global demand for gas, have led to a tight supply and high prices. Meanwhile, the closure of coal-fired power stations exacerbates price volatility.

Below is a list of factors that are causing the energy crisis:

How energy prices work

It’s no secret that electricity prices have been on the rise in recent years. And while there are a number of factors contribute to these increases, one thing is for sure: the cost of maintaining the power grid is a big part of it. In fact, according to some estimates, nearly half of your power bill goes towards paying for the upkeep of the network that brings electricity to your home.

So what exactly does it cost to keep the lights on? Well, a large portion of the price you pay goes towards the cost of generating electricity at power plants. But a significant chunk also goes towards paying for things like transmission and distribution infrastructure, as well as customer service and billing. In other words, when you pay your electricity bill, you’re not just paying for the electricity itself – you’re also helping to cover the costs associated with keeping the entire Australian energy market operator up and running.

The price of power in Australia is set by several different bodies, both government and private. Retailers and energy companies have the most visible hand in setting prices, but there are also national and state regulatory bodies that play a role. In Victoria, the government sets a market price for power, while in south-east Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia, an Australian energy regulator set the standard price. Paying attention to both of these players is important for understanding the overall cost of power in the country.

Can my energy company charge more than the default?

Unfortunately, yes. According to the Australian Energy Regulator, the average consumer can expect to pay an increase of between $119 and $227 for their power this financial year. This is because wholesale electricity prices have increased by around 26% over the past 12 months. These rising energy prices are everywhere, affecting the global energy markets across the world.

What can I do to protect myself?

There is no easy fix for the energy crisis. We need to increase investment in energy infrastructure, including both gas and renewable generation. We need to encourage energy efficiency and demand management. This will reduce dependence on gas-fired generation and fossil fuels and put downward pressure on prices.

In the longer term, the transition to a low-carbon economy will help to resolve the energy crisis and rising energy prices by providing a sustainable source of power. However, this transition will take many years and will require significant investment. In the meantime, we must work to mitigate the impact of higher prices and increased market volatility.

Below are various ways you can protect yourself and your wallet during the energy crisis:

What do I do if my energy provider is going out of business?

The best way to find out detailed information about your energy plan is to start by looking at your bill. This will have basic information about your energy retailer and your plan. Carefully read any letters or emails from your energy retailer, as they are required to notify you if they raise prices. By staying informed and contacting your energy retailer with any questions, you can be sure that you understand your energy plan and are getting the best possible deal. However, if your energy provider is going under, here is what you should do:

Frequently Asked Questions and Answers

Russia is one of the world’s leading energy exporters, and the country’s oil and gas sector is a major contributor to the economy. However, Russia’s involvement in the conflict in Ukraine has led to sanctions being placed on the country’s energy sector by the European Union and other Western countries. Australia’s coal-fired power plants are some of the oldest in the world, with an average age of 37 years. In recent years, a number of these plants have been earmarked for closure due to their age and inefficiency. This has led to concerns about the country’s energy security, as coal currently supplies around 60% of Australia’s electricity. In addition, some coal power plants have been affected by flooding.

Energy prices have been on the rise since economies began to emerge from Covid-19 restrictions in September 2021. The return of businesses and people to offices created a sudden demand for energy, which strained supplies and caused prices to increase. While the world is still feeling the effects of the pandemic, the energy market is slowly beginning to recover. However, it is important to be aware of the factors that contributed to the rise in prices so that we can be better prepared for the future. Hopefully, with a better understanding of the market, we can avoid another price surge.

Yes, prices for electricity are due to continue increasing. While the full extent of the price hikes is still unknown, we know that consumers can expect an increase in their electricity bills. In New South Wales, for example, the average household will see an increase of either $119 or $227 per year. While this may seem like a significant amount of money, it’s important to remember that electricity prices have been steadily increasing for the past few years.

The duration of increased energy prices is unknown. To help stabilise prices and prevent them from becoming too high, the government has implemented a system of price caps. Under this system, the regulator automatically imposes a price limit of $300/MWh if wholesale prices stay above a certain level for too long. This helps to ensure that prices don’t become too high for consumers and also helps to encourage competition among energy suppliers.

Yes, the energy crisis and the high prices that come with it is something worth fixing. Our society relies on a constant supply of energy, but we cannot be expected to pay the continuously increasing costs. The best bet would be to switch to renewable energy sources, such as solar or hydropower. It will take time, but change is definitely on the way.



Megan has extensive experience writing about health and life insurance in Australia. Megan has a special interest in health and wellness. She relies on her background in counselling psychology to convey the latest findings in a manner that is most beneficial to ComparingExperts readers. In every article she writes, Megan aims to uphold the standards of the Private Health Insurance Intermediaries Association (PHIAA) which ComparingExpert is part of.

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